It’s been inspiring to see a whole new generation of tech start-ups crop up, focusing their energies on developing IoT applications, sensors and devices to monitor all kinds of physical actions and activities to address a range of humanitarian, social and environmental issues.
For example, Aclima uses mobile and stationary sensors to measure air pollution at a hyperlocal level; Grind2Energy uses IoT sensors to ensure that its food-waste recycling system is as efficient as possible; and farmers now have a wealth of technology options available to them, including Cowlar to monitor livestock, Semios for more effective crop management, and Smart Elements to record everything from soil moisture content to water tank levels.
“Enhanced IoT connectivity has led to massive amounts of data being captured, which presents challenges as well as opportunities when it comes to its management and turning it into actionable insights.”
Making sense of the data humanly possible to process and analyse – which is where artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML), powered by advancements in high speed computing, come in. These technologies can crunch numbers at a rate that humans can never hope to compete with, making it possible to identify trends and patterns that would otherwise take an age to find.
This, of course, can be helpful to businesses of all kinds, but tech-for-good start-ups such as climate forecaster Cervest are using it to help give a better understanding of environmental issues. Cervest’s Earth Science AI platform uses probability theory, satellite imagery and geoscience to give early warnings concerning extreme weather events and provide insights into how the earth’s natural resources will respond to environmental changes. This could revolutionise global food systems and make production more sustainable.
Elsewhere, Medopad, a London-based digital healthcare company, is using AI and predictive analytics to conduct trials into the early identification of complications related to various serious illnesses, including cancer and heart disease. One of its first projects, a partnership with Chinese company Tencent, involves a motion-capture system that can detect and assess joint movements and facial features of Parkinson’s sufferers in real time. It can identify the frequency, range and intensity of movement, without requiring the patient to travel to a clinic for assessment. Medical professionals can then carry out a consultation remotely.
Similar technology has also been used to help people with autism interact in social situations; help verify and validate information and minimise bias; manage infrastructure and logistics; and even fight against elephant poaching in Africa.
One of the most common day-to-day uses of AI at the moment is in chatbots, which are most commonly encountered in customer service interactions. But as well as helping you to book a flight, choose a wine to go with your dinner, order a pizza, or even chat with Einstein, chatbots are increasingly being used for social good too. DoNotPay, a smartphone-based chatbot originally designed to help people contest parking fines, has also been used to provide refugees with legal advice and help them to complete and submit assistance and residence forms.
“There are sometimes fears that these disruptive technologies will replace human beings in the workplace but with philanthropic pursuits often underfunded, investing in them for the long term can help to ease the burden on overworked staff, particularly in the healthcare industry.”
When more than half of the world’s population doesn’t have access to basic healthcare, mental health assistance often gets forgotten – but there are also numerous examples of chatbots being used for mental health treatment.
Woebot is based on the principles of cognitive behavioural therapy, which research suggests can be just as effective when delivered over the internet as face-to-face. The chatbot, which is available for both Android and iOS smartphones, provides techniques that are proven to help reduce symptoms for people suffering from anxiety and depression. The fact that it’s always available, at any time of the day or night, is particularly key.
“Woebot isn’t alone either. In 2019, many charities submitted chatbot proposals to Tech For Good in the hope of securing funding. Ideas included chatbots to help bereaved children, HIV patients, people suffering from bipolar disorder, and young people with mental health issues.”
Sometimes it can be hard to justify investing in products that don’t directly contribute to increased profits but when these technologies have the potential to improve the lives of so many people across the world, financial concerns shouldn’t be allowed to dominate the thinking surrounding their development. There’s also great value in data, meaning companies that collect it must be encouraged to make their findings available for the greater good rather than selling it to the highest bidder.
As these products get more popular the possibilities for their deployment become more prevalent – and as the costs involved go down the impact will only go up. Technology is often portrayed to be the catalyst for a dystopian society but, just as steam railways or x-rays revolutionised the world in a way which could never have been anticipated, modern day technologies have the potential to transform lives and societies.
Discover more about some of the top tech developments from the past 10 years.